On This Day in English Civil War history: Charles Stuart becomes king

On 27th March 1625, Charles Stuart became King Charles I. His reign would last until 1649, when his own people would execute him for treason. With a profound belief that kings are appointed by God to rule by divine right, Charles found himself at constant loggerhead with Parliament. His eleven-year ‘Personal Rule’ stored up deep resentments…

#OnThisDay – Fortify London!

On 7 March 1643, Parliament issued orders for the fortification of London. After the indecisive Battle of Edgehill in October 1642, the King had marched slowly towards London, allowing the outmanoeuvred Parliamentarian commander, the Earl of Essex, to once again get between him and the capital. At Turnham Green on 13 November 1642, the two armies faced off…

Seven reasons why the Battle of Naseby changed British history forever

On 14th June 1645, the fields between the Northamptonshire villages of Naseby and Sibbertoft saw one of the most significant battles in British history. Royalist troops loyal to King Charles I and the Parliamentarian ‘New Model Army’ led by Sir Thomas Fairfax met in the culmination of a three-year bloody civil war that had pitted…

The Scottish Referendum and the English Civil War: did Oliver Cromwell create the first Union with England?

With Scottish voters preparing to go to the polls this week to decide on their nation’s fate, much has been made since the referendum was announced of the history of the Act of Union in 1707, which officially brought the two countries together. But many of the histories miss out a time, years before 1707, when England and Scotland…